# What is Mutual Fund PE Ratio?

by Angel One
Understand the role of the mutual fund's PE ratio. Learn how it's calculated, its significance, and its difference from the stock PE ratio.

Fundamental ratios serve as a financial compass in investing, offering vital insights into a company’s overall health and performance. Among these fundamental metrics, the Price-to-Earnings (PE) ratio is a popular and crucial indicator offering insights into individual stocks. But when it comes to mutual funds, you might wonder: does the mutual fund PE ratio work the same as it does for stocks? In this article, learn about the mutual fund PE ratio along with its significance, how it is calculated, and much more.

## Understanding the Mutual Fund PE Ratio

It is well-known that a stock PE ratio helps in understanding how much an investor is willing to pay for a stock compared to its earnings. If the stock’s PE ratio is higher than its peers, it is seen as an overvalued stock, and if the ratio is low compared to its peers, it is considered an undervalued stock. The PE ratio formula for stocks is

Stock P/E Ratio = Price Per Share/Earnings Per Share (EPS)

As an equity mutual fund comprises a variety of individual stocks, its PE ratio is determined by calculating the weighted average of the PE ratio of all the underlying stocks, taking into account their respective holdings within the fund. It is important to note that this figure is an average, and it may seem challenging to assess its significance when selecting a mutual fund. However, you can be aware of the unusually high or low P/E ratios and use this information as a factor in your investment decision-making process.

## How To Calculate the PE Ratio of Mutual Fund Schemes?

The formula to calculate the mutual fund PE is,

Mutual Fund P/E Ratio = Σ (P/E Ratio of Each Stock * Weightage of Each Stock in Portfolio).

Let us consider an example to understand the calculation of mutual fund PE.

Assume an equity mutual fund scheme XYZ has two stocks, Stock A and Stock B, in its portfolio. The worth of Stock A is ₹20,000, and the PE ratio is 8. The worth of Stock B is 30,000, and the PE ratio is 10. The total portfolio value is ₹20,000 + ₹30,000 = ₹50,000.

First, calculate the weighted average of each stock in the portfolio.

• Stock A = (Market Value of Stock X / Total Portfolio Value) = ₹20,000 / ₹50,000 = 0.4 or 40%
• Stock A = (Market Value of Stock X / Total Portfolio Value) = ₹30,000 / ₹50,000 = 0.6 or 60%

Mutual Fund P/E Ratio = Σ (P/E Ratio of Each Stock * Weightage of Each Stock in Portfolio)

= (8*0.4)+(10*0.6)

= 9.2

Therefore, the PE of this equity fund XYZ is 9.2.

## What Does the Mutual Fund PE Ratio Signify?

High P/E means the mutual fund mostly has stocks that are considered more valuable by the market. This suggests the fund manager prefers companies growing fast and making good profits, even if their stock prices seem expensive.

Low P/E indicates the fund manager prefers stocks that are not very popular right now or have low stock prices compared to their fundamentals (like earnings). It’s like finding a deal when others aren’t paying much attention to those stocks.

## Limitations of PE Ratio

Though the PE ratio acts as an important financial metric, there are certain limitations with it, as follows:

• PE is often calculated using past earnings, which might not predict what will happen next. Predicting future earnings can be tricky and can be prone to errors.
• Whether a particular PE ratio is high or low is determined based on the industry average. The ideal ratio differs from one industry to another.

## Is the Mutual Fund PE as Important as Stock PE?

The importance of the mutual fund PE ratio differs from that of individual stock PE ratios.

While stock PE ratios help assess a single company’s value, mutual fund PE ratios consider the collective valuations of multiple stocks within the fund’s portfolio. Mutual fund P/E ratios can provide insights into the fund manager’s investment style and the types of stocks held, but they may not be as crucial as individual stock P/E ratios for stock selection.

### Conclusion

When evaluating mutual fund investments, you must consider various factors, like the fund’s objectives, diversification, and performance history, as well as its PE ratio.

To understand and learn more about investments, stay tuned to the Angel One Knowledge Centre section. Also, if you are planning to invest in stocks, open a Demat Account today with Angel One for free.

## FAQs

### What is an ideal PE ratio?

There is no ideal or benchmark price-to-equity ratio as it varies with each sector. A stock with high PE ratio can mean overvalued, while a low PE ratio one mean undervalued.

### Is it important to consider the PE ratio while investing in mutual funds?

It’s important to consider the PE ratio when investing in mutual funds. But it is vital to understand that along with the PE ratio, you must consider other factors like fund objectives, risk tolerance, historical performance, etc., to understand a mutual fund thoroughly.

### What does a high mutual fund PE ratio indicate?

A high PE ratio suggests the fund’s portfolio may consist of stocks with higher valuations. This can mean that the fund manager is looking for stocks that can offer high growth, i.e., growth-oriented stocks.

### What about a low mutual fund PE ratio?

A low PE ratio indicates that the fund may have stocks that are not popular or stocks with lower valuations. It can mean the fund manager prefers value-oriented stocks.

### Is the PE ratio applicable to all mutual funds?

As the PE ratio helps determine a stock’s valuation, in the case of mutual funds, it is more relevant to equity mutual funds. These funds primarily invest in stocks, making the PE ratio a valuable tool for assessing their portfolio valuation.

### What is the difference between mutual fund PE and PB ratios?

Mutual fund PE helps evaluate the valuation of a fund’s portfolio of stocks, providing insights into its relative pricing and market sentiment. On the other hand, the PB (Price-to-Book) ratio estimates the fund’s market price to its net asset value (NAV) per unit, measuring how much investors are paying compared to the underlying assets. PE focuses on earnings, while PB looks at the fund’s book or asset value. Both metrics offer insights into different aspects of a fund’s valuation.