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About Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone

History of Adani Ports 

Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited (APSEZ) is India's leading private port and Special Economic Zone enterprise. It was established under the name Gujarat Adani Port Ltd (GAPL) on May 26, 1998, to develop a private port located at Mundra on the West Coast of India. The company's core operations involve the development, operation, and maintenance of port infrastructure, including port services and related infrastructure development. Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited launched its IPO in November 2007. In 2009-10, Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited incorporated Adani Murmugao Port Terminal Pvt Ltd in Goa. Over time, APSEZ covered an expansive area of 8,000 hectares, covering 26% of the country’s total port volumes, from 13 ports on both the east and west coasts. The Mundra Economic Hub presents investment opportunities as the largest multi-product SEZ, Free Trade and Warehousing Zone (FTWZ), and Domestic Industrial Zone. The company also operates three logistics parks strategically situated in Patli (Haryana), Kila-Raipur (Punjab), and Kishangarh (Rajasthan). Currently, Adani Ports has more than 15 entities constituting subsidiaries, associates and joint ventures facilitating the company’s operations across the globe. In 2021, the company articulated its ambition to become the world's preeminent private port company and India's foremost integrated transport utility by 2030.

Business Segments

Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd. (APSEZ) is India's premier maritime and logistics powerhouse, operating 13 key ports, providing versatile logistics solutions, managing SEZs, and specialising in port construction and dredging. Let’s delve into each business segment:
  • Ports: APSEZ Ltd. is India's largest private port operator and logistics provider, with 13 strategically located ports and terminals representing 24% of the country's port capacity.
  • Logistics: Adani stands out as a highly versatile end-to-end logistics service provider within India. With a widespread presence in all key markets, the company excels in managing a diverse clientele across various sectors, including Retail, Industrial, Container, Bulk, Break-Bulk, Liquids, Auto, and Grain Handling. It manages a network of 11 Multi-Modal Logistics Parks across India.
  • Special Economic Zones: Covering a vast expanse of 15,000 hectares, Mundra SEZ is situated on the western coast of India's Gulf of Kachchh within Gujarat, a thriving and business-friendly state. It serves as the key entry point for India's imports and exports.
  • Dredging: Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Ltd (APSEZL) specialises in port and harbour construction, offering Dredging and Reclamation solutions. They began investing in a dredging fleet in 2005 to support their growth plans in the port sector. Today, APSEZL operates 23 dredgers, making it a major player in India's capital dredging arena.
The company has five material unlisted subsidiaries, including:
  1. Adani Harbour Services Limited: Adani Harbour Services Limited is a subsidiary of Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited that provides harbour services, including pilotage, towage, and mooring, to vessels calling at the ports operated by Adani Ports.
  2. Adani Logistics Limited: Adani Logistics Limited operates three logistics parks located at Patli in Haryana, Kila-Raipur in Punjab, and Kishangarh in Rajasthan.
  3. Adani Hazira Port Limited: Adani Hazira Port Limited is a deepwater, all-weather port located on the west coast of India that is equipped to handle all kinds of cargo, including bulk, break bulk, liquid, and container cargo. It is one of the 12 ports and terminals operated by Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited.

Key Personnel

  • Gautam Adani, Chairman & Managing Director
Gautam Shantilal Adani, born on 24 June 1962, is a prominent Indian industrialist known for being the founder and chairman of the Adani Group. He got the contract for Mundra Port in 1995 when the inaugural jetty was established. Later, in 1998, he took over the control of the port from Mundra Port and Special Economic Zones. Under his guidance, the Adani Group has evolved into a prominent global player in integrated infrastructure, spanning various sectors, including Resources, Logistics, and Energy.

Corporate Actions

  • In 2019, Adani Port's board approved a buy-back of a maximum of 3,92,00,000 Equity Shares. This amounts to approximately 1.89% of the total paid-up Equity Share Capital as of June 21, 2019.
Stock Split
  • Adani Ports carried out a share split in 2010, reducing the face value of its shares from ₹10 to ₹2. Following this split, the shares have been trading on an adjusted basis since September 23, 2010.

Financial Highlights

  • In FY 2023, the company reported a total income of ₹22,405 crore, 15.8% up from ₹19,343 crore in the previous fiscal year.
  • Earnings before Interest, Depreciation and Tax (EBIDTA), excluding foreign exchange gains/losses, amounted to ₹12,833 crore in FY 2023, compared to ₹10,607 crore in the previous year, a 20.9% increase.
  • Net profit for FY 2022-23 was ₹5,393 crore, an 8.8% increase from ₹4,953 crore in the previous financial year.
  • In 2023, the Earnings per Share (EPS) for the company stood at ₹24.58, based on a face value of ₹2 each.
  • The Debt to Equity ratio of the company increased by 1%, from 1.08 to 1.09 in 2023.

Parent Organisation
Managing Director
Gautam S Adani
NSE Symbol

Peer Comparision

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Community Discussion

2nd May 2024
Adani Ports Becomes AAA-Rated Entity, First Private Infra Developer In India APSEZ achieves a historic AAA Rating from CARE Ratings, leading India’s infrastructure development with strong growth and unmatched market dominance. Adani Ports & Special Economic Zone (APSEZ) is a part of the Adani Group that specializes in the development, operation, and maintenance of port infrastructure, encompassing port services and related infrastructure development. Furthermore, it oversees a multi-product Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and associated infrastructure situated alongside the port at Mundra, Gujarat. APSEZ received an AAA Rating APSEZ announced that it has attained an “AAA” rating from CARE Ratings (Credit Analysis & Research Ltd), which is an Indian credit rating agency. The ‘AAA’ rating it has awarded is the highest attainable rating for an issuer from credit-rating agencies in India. It signifies the highest level of creditworthiness and the capability to repay investors. It made APSEZ the first large-scale private infrastructure developer to achieve this status. This rating primarily comes from its strongly integrated business model, dominant industry position, continued market share expansion alongside sound profitability, along with maintaining liquidity and minimal leverage. Company’s Position It’s important to highlight that two transmission assets owned by Adani Energy Solution — WTGL (West Transmission Gujarat Limited) and Alipurdwar — have also received AAA ratings from India Ratings. However, at the corporate level, APSEZ is the first to achieve this rating within the company. From managing only two ports (Mundra and Dahej) in 2011, APSEZ has expanded its operations to encompass a total of 14 ports situated along India’s entire coastline. Holding a 27% market share, APSEZ’s ports serve as crucial entry points for India’s trade and economic development narrative. APSEZ’s Strong Position APSEZ experienced a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of 15% in volumes from FY19 to FY24, contrasting with the 4% CAGR observed for other Indian ports during the same period. In FY24, APSEZ managed a cargo volume of 419.95 MMT, marking a 24% increase compared to the preceding fiscal year. This remarkable growth trajectory highlights APSEZ’s unmatched dominance in this sector, demonstrating impressive growth going ahead in the industry. Conclusion In conclusion, APSEZ achieving an AAA rating represents a notable achievement, not just for the company itself, but also for India’s infrastructure industry on the whole. Additionally, its remarkable growth is driven by its expanded reach, strategic port locations, operational efficiencies, and diverse integrated services, including Special Economic Zones and logistics, positioning it as a leader in India’s infrastructure sector. Disclaimer: This post has been written exclusively for educational purposes. The securities mentioned are only examples and not recommendations. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions.
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Adani Ports And Special Economic Zone Ltd FAQs

Adani Ports And Special Economic Zone Ltd (ADANIPORTS) share price as of July 18, 2024, on NSE is Rs 1493.9 (NSE) and Rs 1493.9 (BSE) on BSE.
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