What is a Scheme Information Document?

Discover the essentials of mutual fund investments with insights into the Scheme Information Document (SID). Uncover details on components, approval processes, and the significance of SID, empowering you to make well-informed investment decisions.

When it comes to mutual funds, there are crucial documents crafted by AMCs to give you insights into a specific scheme. The green light for these documents comes from the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). Among them, there’s an important one called the Scheme Information Document or SID, a must-read for any investor before diving into a mutual fund. 

In this article, we’ll break down what the scheme information document is, go through the details it contains, and offer tips on how to navigate and understand this document.

What is a Scheme Information Document? 

A scheme information document is a go-to manual for understanding a specific mutual fund scheme. It’s part of the fund offer documents. It contains crucial details such as the minimum amount you can invest, any charges for entering or leaving the fund, specifics about Systematic Investment Plans (SIP), info about the fund managers and their experience, the risk level of the scheme, and what the fund aims to achieve. 

Although the way different fund houses present this information might vary, the basic structure and content of the SID generally stay the same, providing investors with a consistent guide to grasp the ins and outs of a particular mutual fund.

What Does the Scheme Information Document Include? 

Scheme Information Documents typically cover over 100 pages, covering crucial aspects of a mutual fund. Here’s a breakdown of the key components found within:

  • Introduction

The Scheme Information Document begins by highlighting the inherent risks of the mutual fund scheme, explaining potential hazards tied to various elements like equity investments, fixed-income securities (covering interest rate, credit, and liquidity risks), and specific strategies like call and short selling. The section also addresses challenges associated with investments in Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs) or Infrastructure Investment Trusts (InvITs), offering investors valuable insights into the risks associated with the scheme.

  • Information About the Scheme

This section provides a comprehensive understanding of the mutual fund scheme, detailing the asset allocation strategy and explaining how funds are spread across different assets. It offers transparency into the fund’s investment strategy, objectives, and category, whether it falls under equity or debt, and if it’s an equity fund, whether it’s large-cap, mid-cap, or falls into other classifications. You also get introduced to the fund managers, learning about their names, experience, and other managed fund schemes. Regular updates on fund performance and the top 10 holdings enrich investor’s understanding, though this information might not be available during a New Fund Offer (NFO).

  • Units and Offer

This crucial section offers a user-friendly guide on how investors can interact with the mutual fund scheme. It outlines available plans (Direct and Regular), different choices (Growth and Regular options), eligibility criteria, minimum investment and redemption amounts, entry and exit loads, and details about Systematic Investment Plans and Systematic Withdrawal Plans (SWP).

The section also covers switching options between funds and provides information on accessing details through calls, SMS facilities, consolidated account statements, and Net Asset Value (NAV) disclosure. Taxation nuances are also included, offering a comprehensive guide for investors navigating the mutual fund landscape.

  • Fees and Expenses

This section serves as a detailed guide for investors, breaking down all charges applicable to the mutual fund scheme. It encompasses fees included in the expense ratio, such as Investment Management and Advisory fees, Trustee fees, Audit fees, and any additional charges. The section emphasises understanding these fees for informed decision-making. Furthermore, it reiterates information on entry and exit loads, if applicable, ensuring investors understand the financial implications of their investment choices.

How to Read a Scheme Information Document?

Here is how to start reading a SID document to extract the most valuable insights for informed investment decisions.

  • Verify Document Date

Ensure you have the latest SID edition, updated annually, for accurate information. This simple check sets the foundation for informed decision-making.

  • Understand Minimum Investments

Take note of the minimum investment requirements, varying across funds. For instance, equity funds may demand ₹5,000, while Institutional Premium Liquid Plans might require a substantial ₹10 crore. Align these minimums with your investment capacity.

  • Align with Investment Objectives

Scrutinise the SID to confirm the fund’s objectives align with your investment goals. Clear comprehension of whether the fund aims for income, long-term capital appreciation, or other objectives is essential.

  • Evaluate Investment Policies

Examine the SID for insights into the fund manager’s strategies. Understand the types of investments included, ensuring they align with your diversification preferences.

  • Assess Risk Factors

Delve into the risk descriptions provided in the SID, covering credit, market, and interest-rate risks. Assess alignment with your risk tolerance, recognising investor’s varying degrees of risk tolerance.

  • Scrutinise Past Performance Data

Evaluate the per-share data, including net asset value and total return, considering the disclaimer that past performance doesn’t guarantee future results. Assess the fund’s track record in alignment with your investment goals.

  • Understand Fees and Expenses

Recognise the impact of various fees, from entry and exit loads to management fees. Be aware of any fine print related to taxes and how fees have historically influenced the fund’s performance.

  • Review Key Personnel Details

Assess the education and experience of key management personnel. Watch for situations where a fund has operated longer than the current manager’s tenure, ensuring performance is attributed to the relevant team.

  • Explore Tax Benefits Information

Scrutinise the tax benefits available to mutual fund investors under relevant sections. Understanding these benefits aids in effective tax planning and enhances post-tax returns for investors.

Other Mutual Fund Offer Documents

Alongside the scheme information document are two other crucial mutual fund offer documents. One is the Key Information Memorandum (KIM), and the other is the Statement of Additional Information. The KIM serves as a condensed version of the SID, providing essential scheme details in a brief format often attached to the application form. The Statement of Additional Information offers a broader perspective, including supplementary information about key personnel, the asset management company, sponsors, trustees, and various financial and legal matters.


The SID is an indispensable tool, empowering investors to make well-informed decisions aligned with their financial objectives and risk preferences. As the investment landscape evolves, leveraging the insights gleaned from this document becomes paramount for a successful and tailored investment journey.


What is a scheme information document?

A scheme information document is a pivotal document among various fund offer documents, providing exhaustive details about a mutual fund scheme.

What is included in the scheme information document?

The SID comprises crucial information about a mutual fund scheme, encompassing minimum subscription amounts, exit and entry loads, SIP details, fund manager profiles and experience, risk assessment, and the scheme’s overall objective.

Who approves the scheme information document prepared by the AMC?

Scheme Information Documents, crafted by the Asset Management Company (AMC) for a specific scheme, undergo scrutiny and approval by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

What is the importance of a scheme information document?

The SID is paramount as it contains essential information for investors considering mutual fund investments. Covering aspects such as investment objectives, asset allocation, and risk assessment, the SID serves as a comprehensive guide, enabling investors to make well-informed decisions aligned with their financial goals and risk tolerance.