Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) – Objectives, Loan Application Process and Benefits

6 mins read
by Angel One
Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana is a government initiative in India designed to provide financial support and empower disadvantaged micro and small entrepreneurs. Read on to learn more about PMMY.

Launched on April 8, 2015, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) is a government initiative in India. It is aimed at providing financial support to micro and small enterprises, particularly those owned and operated by individuals from marginalised and economically disadvantaged sections of society. “Mudra” stands for Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency.

What is Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana? 

The Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana is a flagship government initiative in India that was launched by the Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi. This ambitious scheme is designed to provide financial support and empower micro and small entrepreneurs, particularly those from economically disadvantaged backgrounds, to realise their business aspirations. 

The program aims to foster entrepreneurship, create employment opportunities, and drive economic growth by offering easy access to credit and financial assistance to individuals looking to start or expand their small businesses. 

Under the PMMY, various categories of loans are made available to cater to the diverse needs of micro-enterprises, helping to promote financial inclusion and economic development across the country.

What Are the Objectives of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana?

PMMY is a government initiative in India with several key objectives. It primarily aims to promote entrepreneurship and self-employment by providing easy access to affordable credit for individuals, especially those from marginalised backgrounds, looking to start or expand their micro and small businesses. By offering collateral-free loans, PMMY promotes financial inclusion, enabling those with limited access to traditional banking services to participate in the formal financial system.

Moreover, PMMY seeks to generate employment opportunities, diversify economic activities, and empower women entrepreneurs. It places a special emphasis on inclusive growth by ensuring equal access to credit for various segments of society, including women and individuals from Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes. 

Additionally, the scheme supports skill development and entrepreneurship training to equip individuals with the necessary knowledge and skills for successful business operations. 

Loan Categories Under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana

PMMY offers three main categories of loans to cater to the diverse financing needs of the MSME sector. These categories are based on the amount of loan required by the business owner:

Shishu: Shishu loans are the smallest category and cater to entrepreneurs who need a relatively small amount of capital to start or expand their micro-enterprises. Under this category, loans of up to ₹50,000 are provided to individuals. These loans are typically meant for those who are just beginning their entrepreneurial journey.

Kishor: These loans are for businesses that require a moderate level of funding to support their growth and development. Loans under the Kishor category range from ₹50,000 to ₹5 lakh. This category is suitable for entrepreneurs who have established businesses and need a higher amount of financing to expand their operations.

Tarun: The Tarun category offers loans for well-established enterprises that need a substantial amount of financial support to scale up their business activities. Loans in the Tarun category range from ₹5 lakh to ₹10 lakh. These loans are intended for businesses that have already achieved a certain level of success and are looking to further expand their operations.

Eligibility Criteria of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana 

PMMY is designed to facilitate access to credit for a diverse range of micro and small entrepreneurs, encouraging entrepreneurship and economic growth in India. Eligibility criteria may vary slightly by lending institution and chosen loan category, so it’s advisable to contact the relevant financial institution for precise application details. Here are the basic eligibility criteria for PMMY:

  • Type of Business: Engaged in income-generating activities in manufacturing, trading, or services in Small Business Owners, Micro-Enterprises, and Non-Corporate Small Business Sectors.
  • Citizenship: Must be an Indian citizen.
  • Entrepreneurial Status: Open to both new and existing entrepreneurs.
  • Loan Amount: Eligibility varies based on loan categories: – Shishu (up to ₹50,000): New entrepreneurs with small-scale business ideas. – Kishor (₹50,000 to ₹5 lakh): Established businesses seeking growth. – Tarun (₹5 lakh to ₹10 lakh): Well-established businesses with a proven track record.
  • Loan Purpose: Funds should be used for business-related activities.
  • Loan Repayment Capacity: Demonstrating the ability to repay the loan is crucial. This may involve income and cash flow assessments.
  • Creditworthiness: While typically collateral-free, lending institutions may assess creditworthiness and financial history.

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana Loan Application Process 

The application process for a loan under the PMMY involves several steps and may vary slightly depending on the lending institution. Here is a general overview of the loan application process:

  • Visit a Participating Lending Institution: Start by identifying a bank, Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC), or microfinance institution that is part of the PMMY scheme. Most major banks in India are involved in the scheme.
  • Loan Category Selection: Determine the loan category that aligns with your financing needs- Shishu, Kishor, or Tarun, based on the amount required and your business stage.
  • Documentation: Prepare the necessary documents, which typically include, proof of identity (Aadhar Card, Passport, Voter ID, etc.), proof of residence (utility bill, rent agreement, etc.), business plan or project report and passport-size photographs. 
  • Application Form: Obtain the PMMY loan application form from the chosen lending institution or download it from their website.
  • Filling the Application Form: Complete the application form with accurate and complete information. Be sure to specify the loan category and the purpose for which you require the loan.
  • Submission: Submit the duly filled application form along with the required documents to the lending institution’s branch or designated office.
  • Loan Processing: The lending institution will review your application, assess your creditworthiness, and evaluate the business proposal.
  • Sanctioning of Loan: Upon approval, the lending institution will sanction the loan amount and communicate the terms and conditions.
  • Loan Disbursement: Once you accept the loan terms, the funds will be disbursed to your bank account.

Benefits of Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana 

  • Access to Credit: PMMY provides easy access to credit for entrepreneurs, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds.
  • Financial Inclusion: It brings individuals and businesses into the formal financial system.
  • Collateral-Free Loans: Typically, loans are offered without the need for collateral.
  • Customised Loan Categories: PMMY offers three loan categories to suit different business needs.
  • Job Creation: Supports the growth of small businesses and entrepreneurs, leading to job creation.
  • Empowerment of Women: Encourages women entrepreneurship.
  • Diversification of Economic Activities: Promotes businesses across various sectors.
  • Skill Development: Offers skill development and entrepreneurship training.
  • Boosting MSME Sector: Plays a vital role in the growth of the MSME sector.
  • Inclusive Growth: Ensures equal access to credit for marginalised sections of society.
  • Reduction in Informal Borrowing: Reduces dependence on informal sources of finance.


The Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana serves as a catalyst for economic empowerment, job creation, and financial inclusion in India. With its collateral-free loans, tailored categories, and emphasis on marginalised communities, PMMY paves the way for entrepreneurship, driving inclusive growth and reducing dependence on informal finance sources.


Who is eligible for PMMY loans?

PMMY is open to Indian citizens engaged in income-generating activities, including both new and existing entrepreneurs.

Are collateral and guarantors required for PMMY loans?

PMMY loans are typically collateral-free, reducing the burden on borrowers. However, creditworthiness and repayment capacity are assessed.

How can I apply for PMMY loans?

You can apply through participating banks, NBFCs, or microfinance institutions by filling out the application form and providing the necessary documentation.

What is the interest rate for PMMY loans?

Interest rates may vary among lending institutions, but they are generally competitive and affordable, promoting accessibility for small entrepreneurs.