Importance of Investing in Pre-IPO Companies


There is a lot of money in pre-IPO investing and previously, it was only available to high net-worth individuals, as the average investor could only invest in public limited companies that were listed on the stock exchange. However, things have changed, and the average investor now has the ability to purchase stock in growing businesses. Startups are risky, but they also have the ability to generate big returns that aren’t seen on the stock market. This is why pre-IPO companies should be considered for investment.

What Is Pre-IPO Investing and How Does It Work?

Pre-IPO investment is when you invest in a private or public limited company before it goes public with an Initial Public Offering (IPO). An initial public offering (IPO) is when a company begins trading on a public exchange for the first time. Because of a lack of knowledge or public awareness, pre-IPO shares are not open to all. Previously, Pre-IPO shares were only available to banks, private equity companies, hedge funds, and a few other select categories. But that is no longer a problem. By picking the right business, everyone can invest in the pre-IPO stage. Observing the company’s growth trend. There are rules now that allow a corporation to dematerialize its shares, allowing everyone to purchase them and easily move them from one demat account to another.

Should You Invest in Pre-IPO Companies?

The most compelling reason to invest in a pre-IPO is the potential profit. It has the potential to yield the highest possible returns on investment. In the stock market, most technology stocks have a lot of upside potential. Although it is clear that early investors benefit the most before the company goes public. You can now partake in the fun as well.

Another advantage is the absence of stock market uncertainty. Pre-IPO investment isn’t as affected by events like the 2008 financial crisis or the 2020 pandemic, depending on the business. However, the incidents could also have an effect on businesses. And this will have an impact on your savings.

Pre-IPO investing, like the stock market, is not without risk. And there’s a lot of danger involved at times. Startup businesses aren’t always effective. As a result, there are no returns when an investment fails. There are just losses. Companies, on the other hand, are aware of the risk. Companies also sell shares at a reduced price to compensate. This not only attracts investors, but it also safeguards the business. If it goes public but the IPO stocksfail, the company will still have funds received by private investors.

How Do You Make More Money in India With Pre-IPO Stocks?

There are several different types of investment portfolios to choose from in the stock market. While most people stick to smaller public stocks and secure recurring schemes, only the most experienced executives have the know-how and the courage to invest in unlisted shares. Thousands of up-and-coming businesses exist in India, all of which have the potential to be extremely valuable once they go public. These include ventures under the umbrella of large industrial conglomerates and banks, as well as smaller businesses that have consistently grown and profited.

Pre-IPO shares are more difficult to purchase because they are long-term assets with no historical evidence. Analyzing and estimating the potential scope of a young business with little history requires a deep understanding of the industry. Though the potential returns are massive, there are many other benefits for Pre-IPO investors. Only the most capable business managers and financial experts are eligible to invest in this portfolio. Only experts with the ability to collect in-depth data and knowledge about emerging businesses and their operations can take the risk of making such large-scale investments.

Pre-IPO shares in India have a lot of foreign investment, which is one of the most important things. Unlisted companies will have to make their work known to potential investors because foreign investment trading is often done by LLPs and trading organisations. Since they are new businesses, there isn’t much industry analysis to analyse and speculate about.

People purchase Pre-IPO shares for a variety of reasons, including gaining a greater share of the profits and exerting some influence over the company’s directors and shareholders. When a brand goes public, it takes on a life of its own. If investors want to be a part of the policy-making process, they must get involved before the business becomes public. This is why only a few LLPs and agencies sell unlisted shares as a portfolio investment for the most conservative businesspeople.

What Is a Good Way to Invest in Pre-IPO Stocks?

Finding the right businesses is difficult, and finding a way to invest in them is even more difficult. However, there are several ways to invest in these flourishing businesses, such as:

  1. Consult a company that specialises in capital raising and pre-IPO shares. They will provide you with guidance and advice on how to invest in a pre-IPO business.
  2. Keep up with the latest news on which startups are thriving.
  3. Consult your local bankers for information on businesses seeking funding.
  4. Increase your business network.
  5. Establish yourself in the angel community by becoming an angel investor.

Who sells Pre IPO Shares?

Companies offer pre-IPO shares to venture capitalist investors, angel investors, and High Net-worth Individuals (HNI). Investors can invest in venture capital funds that make targeted investments in pre-IPO companies. It is important to note, these funds usually have high minimum investments and lock-in periods.

Another option is to buy it on the secondary market through off-market transactions. It is important to find a trusted and reputed intermediary who can help minimise counterparty risks.

These stocks are often released into the market by employees and company promoters. Startups and private companies often face liquidity crunches because of restricted access to the market. For them, enabling the sale of privately held stocks is a way to mobilise funds.

How to Buy a Stake in Pre-IPO Companies?

It is necessary to do your research before buying pre-IPO shares. These are the options you have if you want to invest in pre-IPO companies.

  • You can become an angel investor. It is usually available to HNI investors and has a high minimum investment threshold.
  • Investing through hedge funds that invest in pre-IPO companies.
  • Buying shares directly from promoters and employees (ESOPs)
  • Through venture capital funds that give exposure to pre-IPO companies.

Advantages of Investing in Pre-IPO Companies

  1. Possibility of high profit: Non-listed companies can provide higher opportunities for substantial returns when they go public. Early investors can benefit from buying the companies’ stocks at a lower valuation before they become publicly listed.
  2. Access to innovative companies: These companies often operate on innovative technologies and offer products and services that can disrupt the market. You can become an early investor by providing seed capital and earning a significant return when they become public companies. 
  3. Discounted rate: You can buy the stocks at discounted rates, resulting in profit-making from the difference between pre and post-IPO values. You can realise higher profits when the company goes public. 
  4. Diversification: You can diversify your portfolio by adding pre-IPO company shares. Usually, the performance of the non-listed companies isn’t correlated to the broader market, which helps reduce the overall risk.
  5. Early investor perks: Some companies offer perks to initial investors, such as discounted stock prices, access to future offerings, and participation in shareholder events. 

Disadvantages of Investing in Pre-IPO Companies

  1. High risk: Investing in a new company without a trading or performance history involves high risk. Without enough data, it is difficult to predict the company’s future success. Many startups fail, and investing in these early-stage companies can lead to significant losses.  
  2. Lack of information: In the absence of a stockbroker and underwriter, you might not have complete information about the company before investing, making it a risky venture.  
  3. No IPO plan: There is no assurance that the company will go public, especially because launching an IPO involves meeting a series of criteria, which can take 2-3 years. 
  4. Liquidity concerns: These companies’ stocks are not traded like listed company stocks, which may mean locking in your fund for an extended period. It can be a drawback to investing in non-listed companies. 

Risk Factors 

It is vital to understand the risks involved in pre-IPO shares before you bet your money. 

  1. Capital loss: Startups and early-stage companies have a higher propensity to fail. These are inherently risky investment options. Investing in a company that hasn’t been tried and tested can result in a total capital loss. 
  2. Uncertain valuation: Determining the correct value of these companies can be challenging. These valuations often depend on assumptions and projections that can result in overvaluation or undervaluation.
  3. Liquidity concerns: Unlisted company shares are typically illiquid, meaning the chances of being able to sell the shares in the future are limited. It may take a company several years to go public, or it may never happen, meaning you may not be able to sell your shares easily.
  4. No dividend payments: Dividends help increase the value of your investments by generating regular income. These companies may decide to reinvest the dividend to promote faster growth, which may result in the non-payment of dividends.
  5. Dilution: The company may decide to issue more shares in the future to raise more capital funds, which will dilute the value per share, lowering profit possibilities.

Wrapping Up

Investing in initial public offerings (IPOs) is a standard practise all over the world. There are people who are viable and likely to do well in the business sector company shares. Many people depend on the buying and selling of stocks to supplement their profits. However, a somewhat unpopular fact is that buying Pre-IPO shares from companies will help you make a lot of money. You can get a lot of money by investing in a company’s stock when it’s still in the early stages of growth.


Why should you consider investing in pre-IPO companies?

Investing in pre-IPO companies can give early access to potentially high-growth companies before they go public. It can result in significant returns if the company performs well post-IPO.

How can investing in pre-IPO companies benefit an investor?

Investing in pre-IPO companies can expose your portfolio to innovative industries and help diversify. When these companies hit the growth path post-IPO, it can enhance overall portfolio performance.

What advantages does investing in pre-IPO companies offer over traditional stocks?

Investing in pre-IPO companies results in substantial gains because of their attractive valuations. You can buy these shares at a low price. Moreover, it paves the way to invest in startups and disruptive technologies not yet available in the public market.

Are pre-IPO investments good for long-term investment strategies?

Pre-IPO investments drive growth in your capital investment. While these are highly risky, they also have the potential to generate the highest returns in the long run. If the company performs well, you can earn multiple times more when the company goes public.