Market Capitalization vs. Equity What’s the Difference?

The market value of all the common stock of a corporation is market capitalization, or market cap. The equity of stockholders, also known as book value, is the accounting value of the stockholders’ claim on the assets of an organization. On the balance sheet, a corporation declares stockholders’ equity. The market cap is the amount that you will potentially pay to own the equity of all the stockholders of a corporation. Using the price-to-book ratio, you can equate the market cap of a firm to its stockholders’ equity. This ratio lets you decide whether the market undervalues the equity of a company’s stockholders or overvalued it.

Market Capitalization

Market cap, or market capitalization, refers to the cumulative value of all stock shares of a company. It is determined by multiplying by the total number of outstanding shares the price of a stock.

Market capitalization is a rather important aspect, as it helps investors to comprehend the relative size of one business versus another. The market cap determines what a company on the open market is worth, as well as the view of the market of its potential prospects, because it represents what investors are willing to pay for their stock.

Factors that affects market cap

There are several variables that may influence the market cap of a company. It may be influenced by major changes in the valuation of the stock, as well as changes in the number of shares issued. The number of outstanding shares would be increased by any exercise of warrants on a company’s stock, thus diluting its current value. Since the exercise of warrants is usually carried out below the market price of the stock, it may theoretically affect the market cap of the company.

Although as a result of a stock split or a dividend, the market cap is usually not changed. After a split, as the amount of shares outstanding has increased, the stock price would be reduced. Even if the number of outstanding shares and the shift in stock price, the market cap of a company remains constant.


Equity evaluates ownership value. In other words, it’s how much anyone should be paid for selling something they own. The idea can be extended to whole companies in general, or it can be interpreted strictly as an individual item’s market value. Equity is a straightforward declaration of a corporation’s assets minus its liabilities; whether the company was sold or liquidated at fair value, it could also be seen as the net profit that will remain. Unlike market capitalization, dependent on the stock price, equity does not fluctuate day-to-day.

The true value of one’s interest in an investment is reflected by equity. For instance, investors holding stock in a company are typically interested in their personal equity in the company, expressed by their shares. Yet this form of personal equity is directly related to the overall equity of the company, so a stockholder would also be concerned with the earnings of the company.

Over time, holding shares in a corporation ideally yields capital returns for the shareholder and likely dividends. In the board of directors’ elections, a shareholder can even get the right to vote. These advantages further cultivate the continuing interest of a shareholder in the company.

Equity value vs market cap

The value of market capitalization is almost always greater than the value of equity because investors weigh in factors such as the projected future profits from growth and expansion of a business. To see whether there is a pattern one way or the other it may be useful to make a historical comparison between market capitalization value and equity value.

It is possible to find both market capitalization and equity by looking at the annual report of a business. At the time of the report, the report displays the number of outstanding shares, which can then be multiplied by the current share price in order to achieve the market capitalization figure. The balance of the company sheet will show the equity.

Capital market vs Equity market

The capital market is an umbrella to a wide variety of tradable assets, including equity markets, as well as other venues for trading various financial instruments. The equity market allows investors and financial institutions to trade securities, either publicly or privately. Stocks are financial instruments representing the partial ownership of the company. Companies make heavy use of these documents as a way of raising money. Primary  and secondary markets that deal between banks underwriting stocks and public investors that trade stocks are part of the equity market itself.


Market capitalization and equity are two of the most common ways of measuring the value of a business . Both figures represent a different way of looking at the valuation of a company. To get the most accurate image of the value of a company, it is helpful to consider both-market value of equity vs market cap.