What is Advance tax & How is it Calculated?

6 mins read
by Angel One
The article offers a thorough analysis of Advance Tax in India, covering its definition, computation, penalties, benefits, exemptions, and online payment instructions for all eligible taxpayers.

Paying taxes is an important part of every citizen’s financial duty since it ensures that government operations and public welfare projects run smoothly. In India, as part of the taxation process, one such important tax is the Advance Tax. 

Let us take a closer look at the meaning of Advance Tax, computation methods, methods of payment, penalties for noncompliance, benefits, exemptions, and more.

What is Advance Tax?

Advance tax allows you to pay your income taxes throughout the year rather than waiting until the end. This means you pay taxes when you earn money, which might help you manage your finances more effectively.

When you make income from a variety of sources, such as your paycheck, investments, or a business, you have to figure out how much tax you owe the government. If your total tax liability for the year, including any tax deducted at source (TDS), exceeds ₹ 10,000, you must pay advance tax.

To determine how much advance tax you owe, calculate your entire income for the fiscal year. This comprises your salary, interest on investments, capital gains, and any other profits. Then, use the income tax slab rates that apply to you to determine the tax payable. Deduct any already deducted TDS from your income. If your remaining tax due exceeds Rs 10,000, you must pay advance tax.

You can pay advance tax in instalments throughout the year, according to the schedule supplied by the Income Tax Department. This can be done online on the official website by entering your PAN and other required details. Paying advance tax allows you to avoid fines and fulfil your tax obligations on time. It is a vital step towards responsible financial management and tax compliance.

Who Needs to Pay Advance Tax?

Understanding who is required to pay Advance Tax is vital for all taxpayers. Here’s a look at who falls under this obligation:

  1. Salaried Individuals: If you receive a salary and your total tax due for the year, including any Tax Deducted at Source (TDS), exceeds ₹ 10,000, you must pay Advance Tax. This applies to employees in a variety of industries, including government, corporate, and non-profit companies.
  2. Freelancers and Professionals: Individuals who operate as freelancers or in professional positions, such as physicians, lawyers, consultants, and artists, must pay Advance Tax if their total tax due exceeds ₹ 10,000. This includes revenue from services given, consulting fees, and professional projects.
  3. Business Owners: If you own a business, whether as a sole proprietor, partnership, or corporation and your tax due exceeds ₹ 10,000, you must pay advance tax. This includes revenue from business operations, sales, and investments.
  4. Senior Citizens: While most people over the age of 60 are excused from paying Advance Tax if they do not have business income, those who do have business income must comply with this obligation. Calculate your tax due and follow Advance Tax guidelines to prevent fines and guarantee smooth management of taxes throughout the year.

How to Calculate Advance Tax Payment?

Here’s a brief overview of advance tax calculation process:

  • Estimate Your Income: Start by determining your overall income for the fiscal year. This covers profits from a variety of sources, including salary, interest, capital gains, rental income, and professional fees. To get an accurate estimate, ensure that you account for all sources of earnings.
  • Calculate Gross Taxable Income: Once you’ve calculated your income, add it to get your gross taxable income. This comprises all of the previously listed sources of income.
  • Determine Tax Liability: Next, calculate your tax liability by applying the appropriate income tax slab rates to your gross taxable income. The Income Tax Department’s official website lists the current income tax slab rates.
  • Consider TDS: If you have tax deducted at the source (TDS) from any of your income sources, subtract it from your total tax. This will offer you a clearer idea of your actual tax liabilities.
  • Check Advance Tax Obligation: If your tax due after deducting TDS exceeds ₹10,000, you must pay Advance Tax. This requirement applies to individuals, freelancers, professionals, and business owners.
  • Review and Adjust: Review your calculations to confirm their accuracy. If your income fluctuates during the year, consider adjusting your Advance Tax payments to avoid penalties.

How to Pay Advance Tax Online

Paying your advance tax online is a simple process that provides both convenience and efficiency. Here’s an easy-to-follow guide to assist you go through the process easily:

  1. Visit the Official Website: Access the official website of the Income Tax Department.
  2. Navigate to e-Pay Tax Section: Look for the e-Pay Tax section, which is normally located under the Quick Links or Payment Options menu.
  3. Enter Your Details: Provide your PAN (Permanent Account Number) and phone number when requested. You will receive a One-Time Password (OTP) on your phone for verification.
  4. Select Income Tax Payment: Choose ‘Income Tax Payment’ from the available options. Specify the Assessment Year, which is normally the current fiscal year, as well as the payment type, ‘Advance Tax’.
  5. Fill in Tax Details: Enter your tax information, including income sources, deductions, and tax liability.
  6. Choose Payment Method: Choose your preferred payment method, whether it’s net banking, a debit card, or any other available option.
  7. Complete the Transaction: Follow the steps to finish the payment securely. When the transaction is complete, you will receive an acknowledgement or confirmation of your payment.
  8. Save Acknowledgment: Save the acknowledgement for future reference. It includes vital information such as the transaction ID, payment amount, and date.

Benefits of Advance Tax Payment

  • Reduced Stress: By breaking down your tax payments into reasonable instalments throughout the year, you can avoid the worry and strain of having to pay a huge sum at the last minute.
  • Improved Financial Planning: Paying your taxes ahead of time allows you to manage your money better. Knowing how much tax you need to pay ahead of time allows you to budget and ensure that you have enough finances set aside.
  • Enhanced Cash Flow: Spreading out your tax payments allows you to maintain a consistent cash flow throughout the year, avoiding sudden falls in your income when a significant tax bill is due.
  • Faster Tax Collection Process: When individuals pay their taxes in advance, the government is able to collect income more swiftly. This, in turn, enables the government to fund critical services and projects quickly.
  • Avoidance of Default: By paying your taxes on time, you can avoid the fines and legal implications that come with late or missing payments. This helps you establish a positive relationship with the tax authorities and enables tax compliance.

Exemptions from Advance Tax

While the majority of taxpayers are required to pay advance tax, there are a few exemptions to consider:

  • Senior Citizens: If you are 60 or older and have no company income, you are exempt from paying advance tax. This benefits retirees and the elderly, who may have limited income.
  • Salaried Individuals under TDS: Salaried people whose employers deduct taxes at the source (TDS) may not be required to pay advance tax. However, if you have other types of income, such as interest or capital gains, you may still be required to pay advance tax on them.
  • Excess TDS Deduction: If the amount tax deducted at source (TDS) from your income exceeds your annual tax due, you may not be required to pay advance tax. This guarantees that you do not pay additional taxes on your income.

Also Read More About How to File TDS Return?


Advance Tax shows wise financial citizenship by ensuring a consistent stream of income for government operations. Taxpayers may contribute to the nation’s prosperity while protecting their financial well-being by performing their responsibilities on time.


Is Advance Tax applicable to salaried individuals?

Salaried persons must pay Advance Tax if their total tax bill exceeds ₹10,000, including TDS.

What happens if I miss the Advance Tax payment deadline?

Failure to meet payment deadlines results in interest charges under the terms of the Income Tax Act.

Can I claim a refund for excess Advance Tax payments?

Yes, taxpayers can receive a refund for any excess tax paid by submitting Form 30 within the time limit stated.

Are senior citizens exempt from Advance Tax payments?

Senior citizens aged 60 and over, with no business income, are free from Advance Tax obligations.

What if my income varies throughout the year?

Taxpayers with variable earnings can submit revised estimations and modify their Advance Tax payments to avoid penalties.