Section 193 of Income Tax Act – TDS on Interest on Securities

4 mins read
by Angel One
Understanding TDS on interest income (Section 193). Residents have TDS withheld on securities. NRIs are exempt. Key details on rate, due dates & exemptions. Update: Listed NCDs are now subject to TDS.

Section 193 of the TDS addresses the provisions of interest on securities. Residents must deduct tax under Section 193 if income in the form of interest on securities is sent to them. This means that the limitations of Section 193 will not be applicable for paying the interest on the securities to an NRI. 

What Is Section 193 of the Income Tax Act?

There are several provisions of the Income Tax Act that allow tax deductions. The tax deduction protocol, wherein the tax is immediately withheld during a payment transaction, is referred to as the 193 TDS section.

The interest on securities is now subject to TDS Section 193. Taking into account that the person is sending money in the form of interest on securities. Based on the application of Section 193 TDS rate, a certain amount of tax must be withheld.

Two distinct categories might be distinguished from TDS on interest in securities. People are implemented by the government and the company’s security in the business, authority, or corporation that they work for. 

When it comes to income transfers, the tax that is withheld based on the interest paid on the securities will take effect prior to the individual receiving their income. The individual’s amount is, therefore, the cut-off payment following the tax deduction.

Also Read More About Taxation for Traders

The Specifics of Section 193

The specifics of Section 193 are discussed in the table below:

Who has to deduct these sections?  Individuals who are distributing interest revenue on securities to residents of India should first deduct taxes.
Section 193 Rate 10% is the tax rate under Section 193. When income is credited to the payee’s (receiver’s) account (in cash, check, draft, or other forms), that is the earliest of the actual payment or the time of deduction. 

Should the payee fail to supply a PAN or become unavailable, TDS would be deducted at the highest possible marginal rate. On the other hand, this section may issue a reduced TDS certificate or a Nil TDS certificate under Section 197 if all conditions are met.

Section 193 Due Dates 
  • The funds must be paid by April 30 if they are credited in March.
  • The deduction is made seven days following the end of the month in which the money was credited if it is not March.
Section 193 Exemptions No, TDS should be taken in the following situations:

  • No TDS would be deducted at up to ₹ 5,000 (which must be paid using an a/c payee cheque) in debentures issued by listed firms.
  • For 8% saving (taxable) bonds, the maximum amount is ₹ 10,000.

What is Not Included in Section 193 Deductions?

The following items are exempted from the TDS deduction:

  • The National Defence Bond for residents has an interest rate of 4.25%.
  • Interest on certain registered debentures issued by public-sector companies, authorities, organisations, or cooperative societies.
  • Interest payable to any other insurer or to particular firms established under the General Insurance Business Act.
  • Interest in dematerialised securities listed on recognised stock exchanges.
  • Interest on 7-year National Savings Certificates.
  • Interest on debentures issued by listed public companies up to Rs. 5,000 (if paid by account payee cheque to resident individuals or HUFs).
  • Interest on government bonds up to Rs. 10,000 per year.
  • Interest on specific gold bonds (issued 1977 & 1980) up to Rs. 10,000 in total value (for residents).
  • Interest payments where Form 15G/15H is submitted by an individual payee (not a company/firm).

Note: As of April 1, 2023, a key change was made to TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) rules. Previously exempt, interest earned on listed Non-Convertible Debentures (NCDs) will now be subject to a 10% TDS deduction. This applies to NCDs held in dematerialised form and listed on recognised Indian stock exchanges.


Understanding TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) on interest income is crucial. Section 193 mandates TDS deduction for interest payments on securities made to residents.  However, NRIs are exempt, simplifying the process of receiving interest income on their Indian holdings. It’s important to note that exceeding the tax exemption threshold may require NRIs to file Indian tax returns. 


How can I stay updated on changes to TDS rules under Section 193?

It’s advisable to consult the official website of the Income Tax Department of Indis ( ) for the latest information and updates on TDS regulations.

Can I get a refund of the excess TDS deducted?

Yes, if you have overpaid TDS, you can file an income tax return and claim a refund.  

Is there a way to reduce the TDS deducted under Section 193?

You can submit Form 15G or 15H to the payer if your estimated tax liability is nil. This allows them to deduct a lower TDS rate or no TDS at all.

What happens if the payee (recipient) does not provide a PAN card?

If the payee does not provide a PAN card or it’s unavailable, the payer must deduct TDS at the highest marginal tax rate.