What is the GST on Rent?

6 mins read
by Angel One
Explore the GST on rent and tax deductions for rental property in India and their financial implications. Check how tenants can optimise their tax deductions through Input Tax Credit.


Understanding GST on rent is essential, yet it often escapes our attention in discussions about taxes and finances. GST, or Goods and Services Tax, is a consumption tax applied to the sale of goods and services across India. When it comes to tax on rental income, the application of GST can significantly affect both landlords and tenants, shaping their financial circumstances and choices.

In this article, we will simplify the concept of GST on rent and thoroughly explore the various factors that shape tax deductions for rental property.

What is GST on Rent?

GST on rent is a tax applied to the rental income that landlords earn, that is the rent that tenants pay. Landlords pay a percentage of their rental income as tax, and tenants indirectly contribute to this tax through their regular rent payments. The exact tax rate can vary based on the terms of the rental agreement. Importantly, not all rental agreements are subject to this tax. Whether it applies or not depends on factors like the property’s location, type, and its intended use.

Tax on Rental Income in the Pre-GST Era

Before GST, landlords needed a service tax registration if their total taxable services, including rental income, exceeded ₹10 lakh annually. Commercial property rentals had a 15% service tax, but residential property rentals were exempt. With GST, both commercial and residential property attract rental tax, affecting both landlords and tenants. Residential unit rentals for business purposes are no longer exempt, and GST-registered tenants pay an 18% GST rate. Landlords must also pay GST on rent from both residential and commercial properties, no matter the rental income amount.

Also Read More About What is Income Tax?

Does Renting Out a Property Attract GST?

Renting out an immovable property falls under the GST Act, but not all types of rent are taxable. Properties leased, rented, or used for business purposes are subject to GST at an 18% rate, as they are considered services. However, if you rent a residential property for someone to live in, there’s no tax on rental income, making it exempt from taxation.

No GST on Residential Property Rented in Personal Capacity for Use as a Residence

GST Council made an exception for residential properties rented for personal use. If you rent a place for your own home, there’s no GST on rent. But if it’s rented for business, there’s an 18% GST. If both the landlord and tenant are GST-registered and the property is rented for business, tax deductions for rental property apply.

Who Is Required to Register When the Property Is Rented Out to Businesses?

When a property is rented out to businesses, the requirement to register for GST depends on the landlord’s annual rental income. As per the GST Act, if an individual rents a property to a business entity for commercial purposes, the landlord must register for GST if their annual rental income exceeds the threshold of ₹20 Lakhs. This rule applies to all types of entities, including individuals and companies. The landlord is also responsible for collecting and remitting GST on rent at 18%.

How To Calculate GST on Rented Out Properties?

Calculating GST on rent for properties is straightforward. The GST is determined based on the rent charged to the tenant, with a fixed rate of 18%. To calculate the GST, you can use the formula GST = (Rent x 18)/100. For example, if the monthly rent for a commercial property is ₹50,000, the GST payable is calculated as (50,000 x 18)/100, resulting in ₹9,000 as the GST due on the monthly rent of ₹50,000.

Explore Our User-Friendly GST Calculator Now!

What are the ITC Provisions When GST is Charged on Rent?

When GST on rent is charged, individuals or entities paying the rent and registered under GST can claim an input tax credit (ITC) on the GST paid. This ITC can be offset against their GST liability on output supplies. For instance, if the rent is ₹1 Lakh with an 18% GST rate, resulting in a GST payment of ₹18,000, a GST-registered tenant can claim the entire ₹18,000 as ITC, provided the rented property is used for business purposes. It’s essential to ensure that the landlord has deposited the GST with the government and filed their GST returns before claiming ITC. Proper documentation, such as retaining the invoice issued by the landlord, is also crucial to support the claim.

Is ITC on Repairs and Renovation of Property Given on Rent Allowed?

Regarding repairs and renovation of a property rented out, ITC is allowed as per Section 17(5)(d) of the CGST Act. Landlords can claim ITC on tax deductions for rental property services related to repairing and renovating the property they rent out. However, the landlord must be registered under the GST Act to claim this ITC. For example, if a landlord has to renovate a rental property and incurs a GST charge of ₹10,000 for the renovation work, they can claim the full ₹10,000 as ITC when filing their GST returns. This ITC can be offset against the GST payable on income from rentals from the same property.

What is the Provision for a Tax Deduction on Income Tax for the Rented Property?

In India, if you earn money from renting out a property, you can reduce your income tax through deductions. The amount you can deduct depends on things like the type of property and the rent you receive. You can deduct the interest on a home loan used to buy, build, or fix the rented property, up to ₹2 Lakhs per year, under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act. If your property is rented out, you can deduct the full interest amount. You can also deduct municipal taxes paid during the year, matching the actual amount. For let-out properties, you can claim deductions for the rent paid to the landlord, but there are some conditions. You must keep records of expenses like rent receipts, repair bills, and municipal tax receipts to claim these deductions.

Also Read More About What is GST on Mobile Phones?


Understanding GST on rent is crucial for both landlords and tenants. Being aware of how tax deductions for rental property apply helps in making informed decisions and staying on the right side of the law. Whether it’s getting tax benefits or just staying financially savvy, knowing the rules and keeping good records are key to success in the world of property rentals.


Who is responsible for GST on rent for commercial properties?

In the case of commercial properties, the tenant using the property for business activities is liable to pay GST on the rent, as commercial property rentals are considered taxable services under the GST regime.

Is residential rent subject to GST?

Residential rent is exempt from GST. GST is only applicable when the property is rented for commercial purposes, with a tax rate of 18%.

Does GST apply to residential properties?

GST is relevant to residential properties only if they are rented for commercial use, subject to an 18% GST rate.

Is commercial rent exempt from GST?

There is no GST exemption for commercial rent. There is an 18% GST rate applied to it. Nonetheless, small taxpayers are exempted from GST registration and payments on their rental income if their yearly turnover does not exceed ₹20 lakh.