# How To Calculate TDS on Property?

by Angel One
Buying your dream home? Don't forget about Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) – a mandatory payment you'll make that impacts your finances. Keep reading to understand how TDS works on property purchases.

In India, the Tax Deduction at Source (TDS) mechanism applies to various transactions, including the sale of immovable property.  Understanding how to calculate TDS on property purchases helps both buyers and sellers navigate the process smoothly. This article provides a comprehensive guide on calculating TDS on property purchases, covering essential aspects, calculations, and frequently asked questions.

## Who is Liable to Deduct TDS on Property Purchase?

The responsibility to deduct TDS on property purchase falls on the buyer (deductor) if the transaction meets specific criteria:

1. Sale Consideration: The total value of the property, excluding any additional charges like registration fees or club memberships, must be ₹50 lakh or above.
2. Nature of Seller: If the seller is a company or a cooperative society, regardless of the property value, TDS needs to be deducted.

## What is the TDS Rate on Property Purchase?

The current TDS rate for property purchases in India is 1% of the sale consideration (excluding any additional charges). However, exceptions exist:

1. Lower Deduction Certificate (LDC): If the seller possesses a valid LDC issued by the Income Tax Department, the TDS rate may be lower or even nil, depending on the specified rate in the LDC.
2. Non-Resident Indian (NRI) Seller: For NRIs selling property in India, the TDS rate is generally 20% on the capital gains (profit earned on the sale). However, NRIs can apply for an LDC to potentially reduce the TDS rate.

## Calculating TDS on Property Purchase

Here’s a step-by-step breakdown of calculating TDS on property purchase:

1. Determine the Sale Consideration:

Identify the agreed-upon total cost of the property, excluding any additional charges incurred during the transaction. This forms the base amount for TDS calculation.

Example: The agreed-upon sale price of a property is ₹75 lakh.

1. Apply the TDS Rate:

Multiply the sale consideration by the applicable TDS rate (1% in this example).

Calculation:

TDS amount = ₹75,00,000 (Sale Consideration) * 1% (TDS Rate) = ₹75,000

1. Account for Lower Deduction Certificate (LDC) (if applicable):

If the seller presents a valid LDC, use the specified rate in the certificate instead of the standard 1% for TDS calculation.

1. Consider Additional Costs (if applicable):

While calculating TDS, only the sale consideration is relevant.  Additional charges like registration fees, club membership fees, or maintenance charges incurred during the property purchase process are not included in the TDS calculation.

Check Out TDS Calculator

## TDS Payment and Reporting

Once the TDS amount is determined, the buyer (deductor) must:

1. Deposit the deducted TDS amount with the government within 30 days from the month-end of the property sale.
2. Deduct the TDS amount from the final payment made to the seller.
3. File Form 16B online on the TRACES (Tax Refunds & Correction e-Settlement) portal, acknowledging the TDS deducted and deposited.

TDS Implications for the Seller

The seller receiving the property sale proceeds with TDS deducted is entitled to claim the deducted amount against their tax liability while filing their income tax return.

## Conclusion

Understanding how to calculate TDS on property purchases ensures a smooth transaction for both buyers and sellers. By following the steps outlined in this guide and adhering to TDS regulations, you can navigate the process efficiently and avoid potential penalties.  Remember, it’s always advisable to consult a tax advisor for personalised guidance based on your specific circumstances.

## FAQs

### Who is responsible for paying TDS on property purchase?

The buyer is responsible for deducting and depositing TDS with the government.

### What happens if the buyer fails to deduct TDS?

The buyer may face penalties for non-compliance with TDS regulations.

### Can I claim a refund for the deducted TDS?

No, the buyer cannot claim a refund for the deducted TDS. However, the seller can claim it while filing their income tax return.

### What documents do I need to file TDS on property purchase?

You will need the PAN (Permanent Account Number) of both the buyer and seller, the sale agreement details, and the TDS challan (payment receipt).

### Is TDS applicable on under-construction property purchases?

Yes, TDS applies to under-construction property purchases if the sale consideration exceeds ₹50 lakh, and the buyer directly pays the builder. However, GST (Goods and Services Tax) will be applicable instead of TDS if the seller is a registered dealer under the GST regime.