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Types of Insurance Policies in India

01 February 20236 mins read by Angel One
Most of us don’t know the different types of insurance policy that we can avail in order to deal with the various challenges life throws at us. Not anymore!
Types of Insurance Policies in India
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Insurances help you to meet a sudden, unexpected, disproportionate amount of financial requirement by investing regularly in the instrument with periodic amounts. For example, if you take car accident insurance, then you will have to pay a small sum every year to your insurer – in return, if you ever suffer a car accident, the insurer will likely pay you a lump sum amount. If such a car accident never happens, then the insurer gets to keep the entire amount, as well as the possible returns from its investment.

Let us now see the different types of insurance options available in India.

Different types of insurance policy

Types of Insurance Policy

There are two broad categories of insurance – 

  1. General Insurance
  2. Life insurance

The following are the different types of insurance policy under each category –

General Insurance

  1. Health Insurance
  2. Motor Insurance
  3. Home Insurance
  4. Fire Insurance
  5. Travel Insurance

Life Insurance

  1. Term Life Insurance
  2. Whole Life Insurance
  3. Endowment Plans
  4. Unit Linked Insurance Plans
  5. Child Plans
  6. Pension Plans

General Insurance

It is a type of insurance in India that offers coverage of losses incurred other than the death of the policy holder. The losses covered, therefore, usually include monetary losses related to health, car etc.

  • Health Insurance

Health Insurance plans cover expenses/losses due to illness or injury and consequent expenditure related to the recovery e.g. hospital bills. Health Insurance may cover pre-hospitalisation expenses, hospitalisation, treatment of illness, medical bills post-hospitalisation, residential treatment and daycare procedures.

There are various types of health insurance available in India such as –

  • Individual Health Insurance – only covers the health of an individual
  • Family Floater Insurance – Entire family (usually husband, wife and children) covered under a single plan.
  • Critical illness cover – In this case, the policyholder gets a lump sum upon the discovery of a critical illness in their body.
  • Senior Citizen Health Insurance – For individuals above 60 years of age.
  • Group Health Insurance – Usually provided by employers to their employees
  • Maternity Health Insurance – Covers prenatal, post-natal and delivery stages, protecting both the mother and the child
  • Personal accident insurance – Covers financial losses due to accidental injury, disability or death.
  • Motor Insurance

It is a type of insurance that offer financial assistance for accidents related to your bike or car. Types of motor insurance policies in India include:

  • Car Insurance – Individually owned four-wheelers are covered under this plan. The car insurance types include – third-party insurance (i.e. only those damages involving a third party) and comprehensive cover policies (covers both third party and own damage).
  • Bike Insurance – For individually owned two-wheelers covered against accidents.
  • Commercial Vehicle Insurance – Offers coverage to any vehicle used for commercial purposes.
  • Home Insurance

A home insurance policy gives comprehensive protection to the contents and structure of your house against any physical destruction or damage. Coverage will include any natural and human-made calamities like fire and robbery.

Different types of home insurance policies include:

1) Home Structure/Building Insurance – Protects the structure of the house against damage during any calamity

2) Public Liability Coverage – Coverage against any damage to a guest or third-party on the insured residential property

3) Standard Fire and Special Perils Policy – For damages caused due to fire outbreaks, natural calamities (like landslides, earthquakes, floods etc.), and antisocial human activities (e.g., vandalism)

4) Personal Accident – Financial coverage to you and your family against any kind of permanent dismemberment or death of the insured individual, anywhere around the world

5) Burglary and Theft Insurance – Compensation for stolen goods 

6) Contents Insurance – Compensation for loss of furniture, vehicles, appliances etc.due to fire, theft, flood, or riots

7) Tenants’ Insurance – Protection to tenants against any loss of personal property living in a rented house

8) Landlords’ insurance – Coverage to landlords against contingencies such as public liability and loss of rent

  • Fire Insurance

Fire insurance policies compensate for any losses due to a fire breakout. They help both individuals and companies to reopen their places after they have suffered damages due to fire. These insurances even cover war risk, turmoil, riots losses as well.

Different types of fire insurance in India include valued policy, specific policy, floating policy, consequential policy, replacement policy and comprehensive fire insurance policy.

  • Travel Insurance

It provides financial protection for you and your loved ones while you are visiting any place in India or abroad – it helps ensure that you are able to have a peaceful journey.

Coverage includes any issues that you may face during your trip such as loss of baggage, flight cancellations, loss of passport, personal and medical emergencies. 

Types of travel insurance policies include:

  • Domestic Travel Insurance – Within the country
  • International Travel Insurance – Outside the country
  • Individual Travel Insurance – If you are travelling alone
  • Student Travel Insurance – If you are going abroad for further studies
  • Senior Citizen Travel Insurance – For senior citizens, ageing between 60 to 70 years
  • Family Travel Insurance – For any family vacations

Life Insurance

It is a type of insurance that offers coverage against unfortunate events like death or disability of the policyholder. The policy coverage comprises a large amount, which is payable to your loved ones if anything happens to you. With this insurance type, you have the flexibility to choose the life insurance policy period, coverage amount, and payout option based on the financial requirements.

Different types of life insurance policy are as follows –

  • Term Life Insurance 

Term insurance is probably the most affordable type of insurance policy in which you can opt for a life cover for a specific period. Term insurance plans generally do not have any maturity value. Therefore, they involve lower rates of premium than other life insurance products.

If anything happens to you during the policy period, your loved ones would receive the sum assured as per the payout option chosen.

  • Whole Life Insurance 

Whole life insurance plans provide coverage for the entire life of the insured individual, and not just for a specific number of years. 

The plan also contains a savings component, which helps accumulate a cash value throughout the policy term. The maturity age for a whole life insurance policy is 100 years. If the insured individual lives past the maturity age, the whole life plan will become a matured endowment.

  • Endowment Plans

Endowment plans facilitate financial coverage to the policyholder against life’s uncertainties, while allowing them to save regularly over a certain period. When the endowment plan matures, the policyholder receives a lump sum amount if he or she is alive beyond the end of the policy term.

On the other hand, if the policyholder is not alive upon maturity of the policy, the family is in turn paid the complete sum assured.

  • Unit Linked Insurance Plans

Unit Linked Insurance Plans are types of insurance policy that offer both investment and insurance benefits under a single policy contract – the money invested by the policyholder is partly invested in equity and debt instruments.

The remaining premium contributes towards providing the life cover throughout the policy tenure. Moreover, you have the flexibility to choose the allocation of premium into different instruments. 

  • Child Plans

Child plans financially secure your child’s life goals such as college fees, even in your absence. They offer both savings and insurance benefits that aid you in the financial planning for your child’s future needs at the right age.

  • Pension Plans

Pension plan, also known as a retirement plan, aids you in accumulating a part of your savings over an extended period. It helps you deal with financial uncertainties post-retirement, by ensuring that you continue to receive a steady flow of income even after your working years are over. The accumulated amount is given back to you as annuity or pension at regular intervals

Final words

Now that you have a fair idea about the different types of insurance policy available in India, you may also want to check out other avenues of investment available to you. If you have never traded stocks or invested in bonds before, open demat account with Angel One and explore the world of investing!

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