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RBI to Pay Highest-Ever Rs 2.1 Lakh Crore Dividend to Government for FY 2024

22 May 20244 mins read by Angel One
In FY24, the RBI's Central Board approved a surplus transfer of Rs 2,10,874 crore to the Central Government. This decision was based on the robust and resilient state of the economy.
RBI to Pay Highest-Ever Rs 2.1 Lakh Crore Dividend to Government for FY 2024
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The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) plays a crucial role in the economic framework of the country, including the distribution of dividends to the Central Government. This blog aims to delve into the intricacies of RBI’s dividend, shedding light on its significance, calculation, and implications. 

What is RBI’s Dividend? 

The dividend distributed by the RBI to the Central Government is essentially the surplus generated by the central bank after accounting for its operational expenses, provisioning for risks, and maintaining necessary reserves. This surplus is transferred annually and plays a vital role in the government’s fiscal planning. 

The concept of transferring surplus from the RBI to the government is not new. However, the amount and the method of calculation have evolved over the years. Notably, during the accounting years 2018-19 to 2021-22, the Board decided to maintain the Contingent Risk Buffer (CRB) at 5.50% of the RBI’s balance sheet size. This was a strategic decision to support growth amid challenging macroeconomic conditions and the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The Economic Capital Framework (ECF) 

The Economic Capital Framework (ECF) is a critical tool in determining the surplus transfer. Adopted on August 26, 2019, based on the recommendations of the Expert Committee led by Dr. Bimal Jalan, the ECF ensures a systematic approach to risk provisioning. The Committee recommended that the CRB be maintained within a range of 6.5% to 5.5% of the RBI’s balance sheet. 

Surplus Transfer for FY 2023-24

In the fiscal year 2023-24, the RBI’s Central Board approved a surplus transfer of Rs 2,10,874 crore to the Central Government. This decision was based on the robust and resilient state of the economy, leading to an increase in the CRB to 6.50%. The decision reflects the RBI’s confidence in the ongoing economic revival and its commitment to maintaining a strong financial buffer. 

Implications of the Dividend Transfer The transfer of surplus by the RBI has several implications: 

 

  1. Fiscal Support: The surplus aids the government in managing its fiscal deficit, providing additional resources for public spending without increasing borrowing. 
  2. Economic Stability: By maintaining a higher CRB, the RBI ensures that it has sufficient reserves to manage economic uncertainties and potential financial crises. 
  3. Confidence in Economic Policies: The decision to transfer a significant surplus highlights the RBI’s confidence in the current economic policies and the overall health of the financial system. 

Governance and Transparency 

The governance structure of the RBI ensures that the process of surplus calculation and transfer is transparent and adheres to international best practices. The 608th meeting of the Central Board, chaired by Governor Shri Shaktikanta Das, exemplifies this commitment to transparency and accountability. 

Disclaimer: This post has been written exclusively for educational purposes. The securities mentioned are only examples and not recommendations. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions.

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