Small and mid-cap stocks have continued outperforming bigger peers on indices, rewarding investors with higher returns. The BSE small-cap index has risen by 35.51% or 7,333.47 points so far in 2021. At the same time, the mid-cap index has zoomed by 25.25% all the way to 5,096 points this fiscal.
Both BSE small-cap and mid-cap indexes reached a record high of 30,416.82 and 27,246.34 on 19 October 2021. In contrast, Sensex, the market index of the 30 largest stocks on BSE, has risen by 19.78% (9,797.78 points) in this fiscal.
Let us take a deeper dive into the stellar performance of these stocks.
Reasons Behind Stocks’ Outperformance
One reason behind this is that India’s structural market is on a bull run where small-cap and mid-cap usually outperform. Another reason behind the strong performance of this market could be the increase in investments from retail investors in India. Local investors generally prefer smaller stocks, unlike overseas investors, who mainly focus on blue-chips and large firms
Technology has also played a large part in the penetration of the Indian stock market. Moreover, the Indian equities market has also performed better than its international peers.
The BSE benchmark rallied from the 53,000 mark to 62,000 during this year, climbing to a peak of 62,245.43 as of 19 October. Such gains in the Indian market has been caused by a multitude of factors like:
- Strong recovery of the market and consumer demand
- Retail inflows via both direct and indirect investments
- Supportive government policies
- Global liquidity
- Containment of Covid-19 cases and a significant increase in vaccination
Even as the Indian economy continued its strong bull run, the equities market moved ahead in expectations to deliver a record-breaking tally.
Both small-cap and mid-cap funds have historically outperformed large-cap and flexi funds in the long run. In the last decade, these have given 5-6% excess returns over large-cap funds.
Signs of Slowing Down
The record run of small-cap and mid-cap funds may have shown some signs of slowing down lately. From a valuation of 20% over Sensex, BSE Mid-cap has recently seen a decline to 9.6%. This is a sharp decline from its premium valuation of 37.67% over Sensex at its peak on 4 November 2020.
The main reason for the shrinkage of BSE Midcap’s premium is due to the overheated valuation of Sensex. This is at a one-year forward PE (price to earnings) ratio of 24.03 times.
BSE Midcap’s PE ratio fell after its earnings were revised upwards on 13 August following the completion of results from the June quarter. On the other hand, the earnings revision for Sensex was gradual and less than that of the Midcap index. This also resulted in the Midcap index falling since FY2022.
BSE index’s current value is close to that of April 2017, which is still high compared to historical numbers. However, both valuations are not as excessive as it was throughout the financial year.
Last fiscal, BSE small-cap index rose 11,040.41 points or 114.89% while the mid-cap index zoomed 9,611.38 points or 90.93%.
Prospects for the Future
Some experts consider the recent slowdown to be the first meaningful correction in a long while. A relentless sell-off by foreign institutional investors likely caused this effect which could benefit investors wanting to buy these stocks.
This could be bad news for new investors in the stock market who have not seen any major corrections in 1.5 years. Volatility in mid-cap and small-cap index could take out uncertain investors while being a good investment opportunity for others. Higher quality shares could likely witness a bounce-back as the Sensex moves beyond 65,000.
Small-cap and mid-cap companies still have very strong prospects in the long run. Historical trends seen in countries like China, Taiwan and Philippines etc. have shown that these funds benefit the most from economic growth.
As the Indian economy continues its growth in the next five to ten years, its per capita income would increase from $2,000, which is the period of most growth historically. This could see small-cap and mid-cap stocks continue delivering superior returns over time.
Frequently Asked Questions
- What are mid-cap and small-cap firms?
Mid-cap firms have one-fifth the market cap of large-cap companies i.e. Rs. 500 crores and Rs. 10,000 crores. Small-cap firms have a market cap that is one-tenth of this (less than Rs. 500 crores).
- Do these stocks come with any risk for investment?
Yes. These stocks (especially small-cap stocks) may decline sharply in times of correction of the market. They can also go down very fast if many investors exit their investments.
- How did the small-cap and mid-cap stocks perform during the 2ndwave?
The shares of small-cap and mid-cap stocks were resilient during the second wave of the Covid-19 pandemic. With ample liquidity and optimism among investors, these stocks did not face much of their impact.