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Nvidia vs Intel: A tale of two chipmakers in the age of AI

29 February 20246 mins read by Angel One
This article delves into the contrasting financial performance and strategic approaches of Nvidia and Intel in the booming AI market.
Nvidia vs Intel: A tale of two chipmakers in the age of AI
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NVIDIA and Intel, two prominent players in the semiconductor industry, are charting distinct courses in the competitive landscape of AI chip development. This article provides a comprehensive comparison of their financial performance and strategic initiatives, shedding light on their respective positions and prospects in the burgeoning AI market.

Market Overview

NVIDIA Corporation is renowned for its Graphics segment, offering GeForce GPUs for gaming and PCs, while also venturing into automotive platforms and 3D internet applications. On the other hand, Intel Corporation operates through multiple segments, including Client Computing, Data Centre, and AI, catering to a diverse range of computing and networking needs.

Financial Performance: Nvidia Rockets, Intel Stagnates

Particulars Intel NVIDIA
Market Cap (USD billion) 181.76 1,950
Revenue CAGR 10Y -0.30% 29.25%
Net Income CAGR 10Y -17.60% 47.01%
EV/EBITDA multiple 21.13 54.29
Cash & Cash Equivalents (USD billion) 25.03 25.98
Interest Coverage Ratio -0.23 132.59
Return on Equity 1.70% 92.80%
Stock Return 1Y 66.76% 236.25%
Price to Earnings multiple (PE) 107.48 66.07
Forward PE multiple 31.46 37.38

NVIDIA’s AI Dominance

NVIDIA has emerged as a frontrunner in the high-end AI chip market, leveraging its expertise to offer custom chip solutions tailored for cloud computing. With a laser focus on AI, the company’s revenue has skyrocketed, boasting a remarkable 29.25% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) over the past decade. NVIDIA’s net income CAGR of 47.01% underscores its robust financial performance, supported by a market capitalization of approximately $1.95 trillion. The company’s stock return of 236.25% in the past year reflects investor confidence in its AI-centric approach.

Intel’s Broadened Horizon

In contrast, Intel adopts a broader strategy, aiming to capitalize on opportunities beyond AI by modernizing and monetizing 5G, edge computing, and enterprise infrastructure. Despite facing challenges with a negative net income CAGR of -17.60% over the past decade, Intel maintains a significant market capitalization of $181.76 billion. The company’s forward price-to-earnings (PE) multiple of 31.46 suggests optimism among investors regarding its future prospects. Notably, Intel’s strategic shift towards becoming a leading foundry for AI chips positions it as a key player in the evolving semiconductor landscape.

Analysing Financial Metrics

A comparison of key financial metrics further illuminates the differences between NVIDIA and Intel. While NVIDIA commands a higher EV/EBITDA multiple of 54.29, reflecting its growth potential and market dominance, Intel maintains a lower multiple of 21.13. Both companies boast substantial cash reserves, with NVIDIA and Intel holding $25.98 billion and $25.03 billion in cash and cash equivalents, respectively. Additionally, NVIDIA’s robust interest coverage ratio of 132.59 highlights its ability to meet interest obligations efficiently, underscoring its financial strength in the AI chip market.

Stock Performance

The contrasting financial performance of the two companies is mirrored in their recent stock market performance. Over the past year, Nvidia stock price has skyrocketed by a remarkable 236.25%, while Intel’s has only managed a modest 66.76% gain. This significant difference underscores investor confidence in Nvidia’s future growth prospects, particularly in the AI market.

Nvidia Doubles Down on AI, Intel Shifts Focus

While both companies are involved in the AI space, their strategic approaches differ significantly. Nvidia is doubling down on its position as a leader in AI chip design. They have established a new business unit specifically focused on custom AI chip design for cloud computing, potentially putting them in direct competition with established players like Broadcom and Marvell. This strategy is driven by the significant growth potential in the data centre custom chip market, which is expected to reach $10 billion this year and double by 2025.

In contrast, Intel is taking a broader approach, aiming to capitalize on opportunities across various sectors beyond just AI. They are focusing on partnerships with industry leaders to modernize and monetize 5G, edge, and enterprise infrastructure. By partnering with other companies, they seek to leverage existing technologies and expertise to deliver solutions that improve total cost of ownership, operational efficiency, and access to new innovations and services.


Nvidia and Intel are both major players in the chipmaking industry, but they are taking divergent paths in the AI space. Nvidia, with its superior financial performance, strong focus on AI chip design, and clear leadership in the market, is well-positioned to capitalise on the immense growth potential in the AI sector.

Intel, on the other hand, is taking a broader approach, aiming to leverage its manufacturing expertise and partnerships to establish itself as a key player in the broader chip foundry market. While both companies have distinct strategies, they are both poised to benefit from the ever-growing demand for AI technologies in the years to come.

Disclaimer: This blog has been written exclusively for educational purposes. The securities mentioned are only examples and not recommendations. The information is based on various secondary sources on the internet and is subject to change. Please consult with a financial expert before making investment decisions.

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