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In the lender’s chair: Factors to consider before making a Rs 10 crore investment

09 November 20235 mins read by Angel One
In this blog, we will discuss the weighty decision of lending Rs 10 crore.
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Lending a substantial amount like 10 crores to a company is a decision fraught with financial implications. It necessitates a meticulous examination of various factors to ensure not only the safety of the investment but also the potential for returns.

1. Financial Health Check: The Balance Sheet Analysis

The cornerstone of any lending decision is a thorough examination of the company’s financial health. Scrutinizing the balance sheet provides insights into assets, liabilities, and equity.

Key ratios, such as the Debt-to-Equity ratio, indicate the company’s leverage and financial stability.

Debt-to-Equity Ratio = Total Debt / Shareholders’ Equity

A lower ratio signifies a healthier balance between debt and equity, reducing the risk for the lender.

2. Income Statement Scrutiny: Profits and Losses

Delving into the income statement unveils the company’s revenue, expenses, and net income. Calculating the Net Profit Margin (Net Income / Revenue) offers insights into the company’s profitability.

A higher margin indicates efficiency in converting revenue into profit, bolstering confidence in repayment capabilities.

3. Cash Flow Analysis: The Liquidity Litmus Test

Assessing the company’s cash flow is paramount. Positive operating cash flow ensures the company can meet its day-to-day obligations, reducing default risks.

The Cash Flow Coverage Ratio = Operating Cash Flow / Total Debt Serviced

It is a litmus test for the company’s ability to cover debt obligations with available cash.

4. Leverage Assessment: Debt Servicing Capacity

The Interest Coverage Ratio = Operating Income / Interest Expense indicates how comfortably the company can meet interest payments.

A higher ratio signifies a lower risk of default.

5. Industry Analysis: Gauging External Influences

Considering the industry landscape is vital. Industries facing headwinds or experiencing rapid changes may pose higher risks. Analysing the company’s position within its industry provides a holistic perspective on potential challenges and opportunities.

6. Credit Rating: The External Opinion

Consulting credit ratings assigned by reputable agencies offers an external evaluation of the company’s creditworthiness.

A higher credit rating indicates a lower risk of default, providing an additional layer of confidence for the lender.

7. Collateral Assessment: Securing the Investment

Assessing the availability and quality of collateral is integral. In the unfortunate event of default, collateral serves as a safeguard for the lender.

Calculating the Loan-to-Value (LTV) ratio (Loan Amount / Collateral Value) ensures the investment is adequately secured.

8. Market Conditions: Economic Climate Matters

Considering the prevailing economic conditions is prudent. Economic downturns may impact a company’s ability to repay debt. Evaluating macroeconomic factors ensures alignment between the company’s prospects and broader market dynamics.

9. Regulatory Compliance

Ensuring the company adheres to regulatory requirements is non-negotiable. Compliance reduces legal risks for the lender. Verification of tax filings, adherence to labour laws, and other regulatory aspects should be diligently scrutinized.

10. Risk Mitigation Strategies: Preparing for Contingencies

Crafting risk mitigation strategies is imperative. Scenario planning for potential economic downturns, industry shifts, or company-specific challenges allows the lender to proactively address risks.


Lending 10 crores to a company demands a comprehensive and informed approach. Each factor plays a crucial role in shaping the lending decision. Employing these considerations and calculations creates a robust framework, navigating the complexities of financial landscapes and ensuring a prudent investment in the company’s growth.

Disclaimer:This blog has been written exclusively for educational purposes. The securities mentioned are only examples and not recommendations. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions.

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