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Challenges Impacting India’s Public Sector Banks

15 February 20243 mins read by Angel One
The challenges facing India's public sector banks, including declining savings account deposits, pressure on net interest margins, and efforts to improve loan recoveries.
Challenges Impacting India’s Public Sector Banks
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India’s banking sector is undergoing a transformation, with public sector banks (PSBs) facing unique challenges. Banking Secretary Vivek Joshi recently highlighted key concerns, shedding light on the evolving landscape.

CASA Concerns

PSBs are grappling with a decline in Current Account and Savings Account (CASA) deposits, a crucial funding source. While deposit growth stands at 13%, advances grow at 16%, indicating a growing gap.

Shift to Mutual Funds

One major reason for the decline in CASA could be the shift of savings from banks to mutual funds and other investment avenues. This trend poses a significant challenge for banks.

Net Interest Margins (NIM) Pressure

PSBs are also facing pressure on their Net Interest Margins, further exacerbating their financial challenges. This could impact their ability to lend and grow.

source: tijorifinance

Government’s Shareholding Exemptions

To support PSBs, the government has exempted them from the 75% minimum public shareholding norm until August 2025. This move aims to provide financial flexibility to these banks.

Financial Inclusion Schemes

PSBs are actively engaged in various financial inclusion schemes, such as the Prime Minister Jan Dhan scheme, PM Suraksha Bima Yojana, and PM Jeevan Jyoti Yojana. These schemes are vital for ensuring banking access to all sections of society.

Loan Recovery Efforts

Efforts to improve loan recovery have been noteworthy, with recoveries amounting to Rs 61,000 crore in FY24. This highlights the banks’ commitment to managing their Non-Performing Assets (NPAs).

Future Priorities

Looking ahead, the focus will be on enhancing public sector banks’ overall performance, especially in terms of recovery. The Banking Secretary emphasized the importance of keeping NPAs in mind even after they are technically written off.


In conclusion, India’s banking sector, particularly PSBs, is facing a complex set of challenges. While CASA decline and NIM pressures loom large, efforts to improve financial inclusion and enhance recovery mechanisms are underway.

Disclaimer:This blog has been written exclusively for educational purposes. The securities mentioned are only examples and not recommendations. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions. 

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